The highest overcrowding in Australia is in the remote northern territory. Based on the 2016 census, approximately 27,600 Aboriginal territorians live in overcrowded homes, of which 10,700 are considered homeless. The National Partnership Agreement on Aboriginal Housing On the Sidelines (2008-2018) has made good progress in reducing household overcrowding in remote and remote areas of Australia. However, the 2017 Remote Accommodation Review recommended that work continue to reduce overcrowding to an acceptable level. From 2008 to 2018, the Commonwealth allocated $5.4 billion to NPARIH and the National Partnership on Remote Housing (NPRH), which provided significant housing outcomes, including the construction of 4,000 new homes and 7,500 renovated existing homes in 300 isolated Aboriginal communities. As part of this investment, reforms to property and rental management have also been introduced, including a routine maintenance and repair programme that has gradually increased the life cycle of housing construction. National partnerships have moved from NPARIH to NPRH, from the implementation of new systems to priorities on services and programs to improve outcomes for tenants. This situation has been reflected in the NRPH by linking funding to specific milestones, including Aboriginal employment and business objectives. For the first time, Northern Territory Councils are sitting around the table and participating in decisions on a broader policy and strategy for building remote housing and tracking investments.
This goes through the joint steering committee that oversees investments under the national partnership. The inclusion of regional councils on the joint steering committee provides a platform for territorial Aboriginals to influence the outcome of housing construction. On March 30, 2019, the Commonwealth and Northern Territory governments established a new National Partnership for Remote Housing Northern Territory (2018-23), which will provide the Commonwealth with a prize of $5,000 to $550 million for improving residential outcomes for Aboriginal territories in remote communities up to $550 million. This will be achieved by concluding the ten years of investment in national partnership agreements, the Commonwealth has provided in 2018/19 one-time financial contributions for isolated Aboriginal housing to Western Australia ($121 million) and Southern Australia ($37.5 million), with appropriate state funding to support the transition of responsibility for financing far-flung housing to the states. The Commonwealth also announced in May 2019 that it would spend US$105 million to finance isolated Aboriginal housing in Queensland. In 2016, the new NPRH was negotiated between the commonwealth, Northern Territory (NT), Queensland (QLD), South Australia (SA) and Western Australia (AV) governments to replace NPARIH.