Among the workers` rights legalized by the LNRA was the right to enter into an agreement on “closed businesses.” It differs from a union shop where all employees, once employed, must become unionized within a certain period of time, as a prerequisite for their maintenance. The trade agreements reached made it possible to recruit only union members bound by internal trade union rules, including those who went on strike for workers` solidarity. However, the LRA`s transaction provisions provide, at best, for certain safeguards when an employer and a majority union are considering entering into a trade agreement. A collective agreement requiring members of a certain group of workers to be or become members of a particular union. A pre-entry agreement is an agreement that prohibits an employer from hiring a worker concerned unless he or she is already a member of the union concerned. A post-entry agreement requires employees to join the specified union within a set period of time after employment begins. This is an unfair labor practice for an employer— (3) discrimination in hiring, employment or a condition of employment to promote or discourage membership in a work organization: provided that nothing in this sub-chapter or in any other statute of the United States prevents an employer from entering into an agreement with a work organization. as a condition of affiliation to employment on or after the thirtieth day following the commencement of such employment or the date of entry into force of such an agreement. if such an organization of work is the workers` representative. In addition, provided that no employer can justify discrimination against a worker for non-affiliation to a work organization (A) if he has reasonable grounds to believe that such affiliation was not available to the worker under the same conditions as those applicable to other members, or (B) if he has reasonable grounds to believe that the affiliation for reasons other than the worker`s omission: periodic contributions have been refused or terminated. and initiation fees, which are uniformly charged as a prerequisite for acquiring or maintaining membership. In response to this criticism, Congress amended the NLRA in 1947 with the passage of the Labour-Management-Relations Act (29 U.S.C.A. §§ 151 et seq.).
This law, known as the Taft-Hartley Act, limited many union activities. It restricted picket rights, prohibited directors from participating in unions, and limited the right to strike in situations where the President of the United States and Congress found that a strike would endanger national health and safety. The Taft-Hartley Act prohibited secondary boycotts in which a union incites a strike by employees of a neutral or “secondary” party such as a retailer, in order to force the secondary party to cease operations with the party with which the union has its main dispute, such as for example. B a producer. The Taft-Hartley Act also allowed some states to ban the union shop by passing right-to-work laws that prohibited employees from joining a union to obtain or maintain employment. . . .