2. ustr.gov/about-us/policy-offices/press-office/press-releases/2019/december/ambassador-lighthizer-lauds-japan #. As we all celebrated the New Year, January 1, 2020 silently launched a new trade deal for the United States. The Trade Agreement between the United States of America and Japan is the latest free trade agreement that benefits U.S. importers and exporters.1 The U.S.-Japan Trade Agreement, signed on October 7, 20192 with the U.S.-Japan Digital Agreement, only entered into force on New Year`s Day, after the evolution of the legal procedures in force. It is important that it does not cover automobiles and auto parts, but the two countries have agreed to continue negotiations to remove tariffs on these types of goods3.3 Nearly three years after his presidency, Trump had only concluded one supplementary trade agreement that had entered into force – a minor renegotiation of the U.S.-Korea free trade agreement. Its negotiators have also reached an agreement on a new North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), which has yet to be passed by both the Senate and the democratically controlled House of Representatives. Under President Trump`s leadership, the United States and Japan agreed on the early outcomes of negotiations on market access for selected agricultural and industrial products as well as digital trade. The United States looks forward to continuing negotiations with Japan for a comprehensive agreement on the remaining tariff and non-tariff barriers and to achieving fairer and more balanced trade. TPP reportedly eased Japan`s regulatory barriers, but none of those agreements contained rules to combat currency manipulation — a stated goal of the U.S. Trade Representative`s office. The U.S.
has reportedly removed its 2.5% tariff on cars made in Japan under the TPP, but it is maintained. 8. ustr.gov/about-us/policy-offices/press-office/fact-sheets/2019/september/fact-sheet-agriculture%E2%80%90related #. U.S. President Donald J. Trump and Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe recently announced a limited deal to reduce tariffs and other trade barriers between their countries. M. Trump hailed the deal as “phenomenal,” but trade experts and some in Congress remain skeptical. Japan has sought ratification by blaming the agreements on its bicameral parliament, the national parliament. On 19 November 2019, the lower house of the Chamber of Deputies, the House of Representatives, voted on both agreements.
On 4 December 2019, Parliament formally approved the agreements after they were adopted by the House of Lords, the Council`s House of Lords. Since congressional approval in the United States is not required, President Trump signed the agreements himself on December 26, 2019. Both agreements entered into force on 1 January 2020. But the deal could be revised on other fronts. The World Trade Organization (WTO) only allows bilateral trade agreements covering “essentially all” trade, a somewhat vague rule that this agreement does not respect. The logic behind this requirement is that it allows countries to liberalize trade through bilateral agreements without violating the WTO`s most-favoured-nation principle. The agreement is expected to help restore Japan`s lost market share by the United States. Farmers have competitors in Australia, New Zealand and Canada since Trump pulled the United States out of the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), now an 11-nation trade pact, on the third day of his term in 2017. 15. US Customs and Border Protection, CSMS #41149692, US-Japan Trade Agreement: information on the use of preferential treatment. www.cbp.gov/trade/free-trade-agreements/japan. .